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Matt Ridley's "Red Queen" argument is that the entire human brain and consciousness is a the equivalent of peacock feathers- and I think that broader approach might be a better way to look at the topic of beauty; because beauty is significantly more complex than Dutton makes it out to be. On some primal level - yes we are all admire physical beauty in an animalistic way, but consciousness and self-awareness beget the possibility of beauty as an idea and conditioned response rather than a primal drive. Take for example the ideal human body: it varies tremendously by culture and time, and in ways that blatantly contradict so-called evolutionary ideals. Kate Moss and "heroin chic" are the exact opposite of women whom a nomadic Mesopotamian man would choose: no body fat, no muscle, slender hips. And yet she remains a dominant cultural sex symbol.Beauty definitely has an biological lineage: symmetry, order, strength. It also definitely has a cultural dimension - art history and our own personal experiences with other cultures show that.